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[01908] Quantifying Cytoskeletal Dynamics and Remodeling from Live-imaging Microscopy Data

  • Session Time & Room : 4E (Aug.24, 17:40-19:20) @D514
  • Type : Contributed Talk
  • Abstract : The shape of biological cells emerges from dynamic remodeling of the cell’s internal scaffolding, the cytoskeleton. Hence, correct cytoskeletal regulation is crucial for the control of cell behaviour, such as cell division and migration. A main component of the cytoskeleton is actin. Interlinked actin filaments span the body of the cell and contribute to a cell’s stiffness. The molecular motor myosin can induce constriction of the cell by moving actin filaments against each other. Capturing and quantifying these interactions between myosin and actin in living cells is an ongoing challenge. For example, live-imaging microscopy can be used to study the dynamic changes of actin and myosin density in deforming cells. These imaging data can be quantified using Optical Flow algorithms, which locally assign velocities of cytoskeletal movement to the data. Extended Optical Flow algorithms also quantify actin recruitment and degradation. However, these measurements on cytoskeletal dynamics may be influenced by noise in the image acquisition, by ad-hoc parameter choices in the algorithm, and by image pre-processing steps. Here, we use in silico data to understand conditions under which Optical Flow is applicable. We found the condition to guarantee the method has a good performance is that the displacement has to be in a proper proportion as the object size. We test our methods using data on actin densities in larval epithelial cells of Drosophila pupae. The development of our Optical Flow method will be a starting point for identifying differences in cytoskeletal movement and remodeling under experimental perturbations. Our method will be applicable to other datasets in which flow fields are present.
  • Classification : 92-10, 92-08, 92BXX, 37CXX, 76-10
  • Format : Online Talk on Zoom
  • Author(s) :
    • Carey Li (University of St Andrews)